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Tag: food production

Giving Seeds What They Need to Survive in Stasis

If you are a prepper, you require to be prepared for almost anything. This consists of a irreversible or long-lasting breakdown in the food transit system.

If this occurs you require to be sure that you have the capability and understanding to grow your own food, not simply for one season, however forever.

First, consider what seeds you intend on keeping and understand that just a percentage of seeds are really thought about to be drying-tolerant seeds (significance that they can bear the procedure of drying). Practically all typical herbs, veggies, and a lots of trees fall under this classification.

.If a plant is drying-intolerant just by seeing how they respond under typical scenarios, #ppppp> You can normally inform. In their natural setting, drying-intolerant seeds usually are up to the ground and right away sprout.

A broad variety of seed types can be kept for several years and some even have an indefinite life time, which is obviously, presuming maximum storage conditions are kept.

So simply what are those perfect conditions?

As a guideline of thumb, humidity levels within the storage environment must be preserved someplace in the series of 25-35%. The typical house throughout winter season is extremely dry, frequently dipping well listed below 20%. Low humidity draws wetness from fragile seed structures and adversely effects seeds vigor and germination rate. If your seeds are erroneously dried to listed below the advised wetness level, this has the prospective to seriously decrease the quantity of feasible seeds, if not damage them entirely.

Controlling Humidity: Once seeds have actually treated to the right wetness level, they require to be appropriately saved. You will more than likely not have a precisely-controlled ““ tidy space ” like the ones used in expert seed business.

This doesn’’ t mean that keeping your individual seed collection for several years to come is a difficult accomplishment.

Simply keep your seeds in sealed, air-tight containers like glass containers or doubled Ziploc bags. In the extremely variable and less than perfect environment of a house or little farm, paper envelopes, fabric bags, cardboard boxes, and so on will permit exchange of far excessive of a flux in wetness control for any long-lasting storage.

To even more assist in wetness control, think about including silica packages or another desiccant to absorb extra water. , if you have access to a hygrometer this will assist you to preserve a continuous control over the wetness level in your storage containers..

Controlling Temperature: Temperature should be preserved within a reasonably narrow variety. I’ve heard it stated that the house freezer is the very best location. Personally, I question the advisability of freezing temperature levels in one- to two-season storage.

While it holds true that numerous seeds will save practically forever if deep-frozen, The details that I have actually discovered usually advises short-term house storage of seeds from simply above freezing to about 40 or 45 degrees.

Controlling Light Exposure or absence thereof: is the last, however still similarly crucial condition that requires to be managed.

Be sure to remember that it is a mix of particular conditions (specifically wetness, light and temperature level) that promote and support the whole germination procedure. Just like any variety of foods and chemicals exposed to light, seeds quickly lose and degrade practicality when exposed to light. They require to be kept in a cool dark location.

You require to make certain that any place you save the seeds, you preserve continuous conditions that do not differ extensively. The worst possible situation in your seed storage is an abrupt modification to heat, raised humidity, and light throughout mid-winter storage right away followed by cooling, drying, and go back to darkness. , if this occurs you can kiss your harvest excellent bye..

So simply for how long can your seeds be kept?

Below is a list of veggie seeds and the length of time they can be kept for.

Please keep in mind that these storage lengths are under the most ideal conditions and your conditions will probably not be ideal.

..VEGGIES..Seed Type.Years.Seed Type.Years.Asparagus.3-4.Mustard.5-8.Beans.3-6.Okra.1-2.Beets.3-4.Onions.2-4.Broccoli.4-5.Parsley.3-5.Brussels Sprouts.4-5.Parsnips.1-3.Cabbage.4-5.Peas.4-6.Cantaloupe.6-10.Peppers (all).3-5.Carrots.3-5.Potatoes (genuine seed).5-7.Cauliflower.4-5.Pumpkins.3-5.Celeriac.4-5.Radish.3-5.Celery.3-5.Rutabaga.3-5.Chicory.4-5.Salsify.3-4.Collards.4-5.Scorzonera.3-4.Corn.4-6.Spinach.3-4.Cucumbers.5-7.Squash (all).3-5.Eggplants.3-5.Strawberry.3-6.Escarole/Endive.3-4.Sunflower.4-6.Kale.4-5.Swiss Chard.3-4.Kohlrabi.4-5.Tomato.4-7.Leeks.2-4.Turnip.5-8.Lettuce.3-4.Watermelon.4-6.

Common Storage Problems

– Mold and Mildew: Seeds that are not dried to the correct wetness levels prior to being sealed in glass or plastic will more than most likely rot.

There is an easy test that will assist you to figure out whether your seeds have actually been dried properly: After your preliminary drying cycle has actually been completed, put the doubtful seeds in closed glass containers or plastic bags and wait.

The look of condensation on the within those containers within a couple of hours is a huge warning and suggests that the seeds are not completely dried. You require to be really sure that your seeds are dried correctly or they will rot really rapidly.

– Insects: Weevils, borers, and little beetles prevail insects and might go undetected up until after they seeds are saved.

These little devils will ruin saved seeds. Including a little food grade diatomaceous earth (DE) is a safe, nontoxic, and low-cost insurance plan versus insect damage.

DE is readily available at the majority of garden centers and percentages are offered online at merchants such as It does not take much; simply make sure to gently coat all seeds prior to they are sealed for storage. Prevent making use of effective business insecticides as you will be straight consuming them later on.

– Rodents: Seeds in storage, unless preventative measures are taken, can supply a genuine buffet for mice and other vermin. Avoid damage by positioning identified seed containers in either metal or plastic storage containers, or confine them in an unused picnic or camp cooler.

Following the above simple standards will make sure durability and practicality of the seeds and lessen the quantity of seeds that are lost each season.

Take benefit of the fall weather condition and get your survival seeds all set for next spring!

And keep in mind that practice makes ideal.

** Attention Urban Preppers and Survivalists **

If you believe that due to the fact that you reside in a home or have a home with a little yard that seed storage and gardening is not for you… … Think once again.

I have actually produced a book and made it readily available on amazon that reveals you how t0 produce a garden that produces sufficient food to sustain a bachelor in as low as 2 square feet. You can grow this garden practically anywhere that you can put a light. I likewise provide a lots of ideas on family composting. (its a lot less aromatic than you may believe!) I’ve gotten my publishers to lower the expense of my book to $2.99 and if you have amazon prime its complimentary! If you have an interest in gardening and producing your own fresh, chemical totally free vegetables and fruits please download my book and would much value it if you would leave me an evaluation when you complete it!

Remember, we’re all in this together!

‘‘ Above Average’ Joe

.Have a look at these associated short articles from our website:. 6 Easy Steps to Growing Wild Mushrooms in the house Tips for Growing Food in Small Spaces 5 Plants You Can Grow in Buckets

Originally published on: October 8, 2012 @ 3:45 AM


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9 Freshwater Fish Farming Tips For Homesteaders

Want to raise fish at home with your own DIY fish pond? Our list of freshwater fish farming tips has everything you need to know for raising healthy fish for food.

RELATED: Survival Fishing | Unconventional Methods To Catch Fish

In this article:

How to Make Your Own Fish Farm

Make a Shallow Pond
Preparing for a Farm Pond
The Ideal Fish for Freshwater Fish Farming
Determining Your Ideal Grow Season for Fish Farming
Water PH Levels
Taking Care of Your Fish

Tips for Freshwater Fish Farming You Need to Know

How to Make Your Own Fish Farm

Farm-raised food. There’s simply nothing you can compare it to.

As preppers or homesteaders like you and I keep saying, “You can’t trust frozen food from the grocery and you have no idea how it was raised.”

Being able to grow or raise your own food is just one of the many rewards of being self-sufficient.

It is interesting to note fish farming is very affordable and easy to do. You would also be glad to know you can raise more fish compared to maintaining cattle for beef.

You can keep them in a backyard pond or in tanks. Later on, you have the option to turn it into a source of income. Here are some tips on how to start fish farming!

1. Make a Shallow Pond


“John Tavern, writing in 1600, recommends making big shallow ponds, keeping the ponds flooded one year and dry the next. When dry, plow, and seed their beds with clover and then graze with cattle.

“Their dung and stale together with the natural force of the Sunne… will breed flies and bodes of divers kindes and sortes,” which the subsequent fish will fatten on.”

Find out more about Freshwater Fishing and Starting a Farm Fish from Mother Earth News.

2. Preparing for a Farm Pond


“Look for some basic features to turn an existing farm pond into a fish pond. The pond should be at least one acre in size.

Smaller ponds can work but pose some difficulties in managing the fish population. Fish ponds should be at least 6 ft. deep, but no more than 12 to 15 ft. deep.

The water level should have a mechanism of control, such as a sleeved standpipe fitted with a cut-off valve at the bottom. The pipe and cut-off valve control water levels by allowing you to remove lower, unoxygenated water.”

Read on for more on how to manage fish-friendly farm ponds in this article from Hobby Farms.

3. The Ideal Fish for Freshwater Fish Farming


Although there is no “perfect” fish for farming, the following are desirable biological and economic attributes when selecting the best fish for farming. The fish species should:

Be capable of reproducing in captivity
Produce numerous and hardy eggs and larvae (young)
Have well-known culture requirements
Be adaptable to many types of culture systems
Be adaptable to multi-species farming (polyculture)
Exhibit rapid growth to a large maximum size
Readily adapt to artificial feeds
Be tolerant of crowding and high-density conditions
Exhibit high survival (low mortality) rates
Be easy to handle, harvest, and transport
Be resistant to disease and parasite infestations
Not be cannibalistic or territorial
Be readily available like eggs, fingerlings, and adults
Have a high market demand
Have good eating qualities
Exhibit high feed conversion rates
Have good dress-out weight values
Have a long shelf-life
Be easy to process
Have a healthy appearance and color
Have highly regarded fighting abilities
Be catchable

Learn more about freshwater fish farming and selecting the right fish to raise here.

4. Determining Your Ideal Grow Season for Fish Farming


“While every effort should be made to complete your grow out during the warmer months, this may not always be feasible. Since this is the case, some provision to heat the water should be made.

One good idea, if you can swing it, is to put your fish tank in a greenhouse. This will allow you to fully capitalize on any sunlight (in Missouri, it is mandatory for Tilapia to be raised in an enclosure of some sort, any way to prevent “escape”. Other states have similar regulations).”

Read the full article on raising fish for food and backyard fish farming for survival here.

RELATED: 26 Wacky Fishing Tips To Help You Fish Like A Redneck

5. Digging


“When the time to dig arrives, consider what is the best tool for the process of making your new backyard fish farming setup? If you have the room and plan to make a very large pond, or series of very large ponds then it may be best to use heavy machinery such a bobcat or backhoe.

Unless you are very experienced with earthworks, it is probably best to hire an experienced contractor. It can be very helpful to set aside the topsoil and replace it around the edge of the pond at the end.

This is to help encourage more rapid recovery of plant life. Turf can be used in the same way and can be helpful later on in the process to cover your liner edge.”

Follow more fish farming tips here to help establish your pond.

6. Oxygen

“All fish require oxygen, as air passes across the water, oxygen is infused. Pumps creating splash or spray will assist with this process.

Running an air pump with air stones is not critical, but it is definitely helpful, especially if you are using a flood and drain method or if your pond is sheltered, covered, indoors, or heavily stocked.”

You will find more tips on backyard fish farming for food here.

7. Feeding


“If you want to maximize the production of your backyard fish farming pond, you may have to feed your fish. There are a variety of commercially available feeds.

Keep unused food frozen to maintain quality. Also, limit your feeding significantly during periods of cold weather as fish tend to be much less active.

You can also consider creating a habitat for the prey of your chosen fish species so there is a continuous supply of wild feed. In larger, well-designed backyard fish farming ponds, wild foods can provide much or all of the food needs of your fish.

This kind of setup does not, however, allow for a large amount of annual harvest.”

8. Water PH Levels

“Excluding bore water, concrete or earthen based ponds, PH levels will rise and fall over the course of the day and night, sunlight, fish, plants, fish food, etc. all have a bearing on the PH levels. Checking and trying to adjust the PH artificially is almost impossible.

If you are unsure about this suggestion, take a PH reading in the morning before the sun hits to water, for five consecutive days and calculate the average reading, this is your baseline PH for your system. If the reading is in the normal range you can confidently stop testing and worrying.

In the end, you want to be growing fish suited to the environment you can offer, rather than fighting it all the time.”

9. Taking Care of Your Fish


“Monitor your fish health regularly and see how much they are eating and their growth ratio. If they seem to eat less than usual, it could be caused by pathogens or parasites.

Separate any fish looking sick in your eyes. Adding salt (roughly one tablespoon of salt per gallon of water) and keeping your water slightly alkaline will discourage parasites and pathogens like bacteria and fungus from your pond.”

Get more tips here and follow the basic rules of pond maintenance given below.

Maintain good fish nutrition
Avoid over-crowding
Maintain good personal hygiene
Hand-washing with antibacterial soaps
Disinfectant foot baths
Live-haul truck disinfection
Limit visitors

Learn the basics of building a fish farm/pond in this video from Howcast:

For survivalists and self-sufficient, we need not explain further the importance of fish farming. It simply means another reliable food source.

A true homesteader knows how to be entirely self-sufficient, and it means raising your own food. Along with fish, cows, goats, and pigs are great animals to raise for food and profit.

Do you have any fish farming tips of your own? Scroll down to the comments section and share!

Up Next: 

Intro To Aquaponics
How To Tie A Fishing Knot
The Ultimate Food Guide For Wilderness Survival

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***Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for informational purposes only. Please read our full disclaimer.***

Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on July 17, 2016, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

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The Ultimate Food Guide for Wilderness Survival

Now let’s say we know ahead of time that we are going to be trying to survive in the wilderness. We can only have one backpack full of our food supplies for the week.

What should we bring to make sure we can not only survive, but also make sure we increase our chances of being as comfortable as possible?

This is a perfect time to talk about the ultimate food guide for wilderness survival so you’re prepared and able to survive the wilderness.

By the way, if you’re bringing pets with you, leave space for the best survival food for pets too.

We had to get strategic with this one since we only have one backpack. It’s hard to narrow it down, but this list should do the trick.

And help you prepare for a real survival situation when you can only take what you can handle carrying on a long journey.

Food and Cooking

We need to be able to cook all of the food we pack. What is light, cheap and can cook our meals in the wilderness? The easy answer: Aluminum foil.

This is the best method of campfire cooking if we’re trying to keep the survival food kit light. Plus, it’s extremely cheap to buy.

All you need to do is wrap your food with foil and add a little water to the outside so it doesn’t burn or dry out.

Then you just place it on the embers of your fire or even place on the rocks around the fire.

Now that we have our cooking method, let’s talk about what we are going to eat when we are on our survival trip.

Here’s a quick list of light things to pack, and best of all, easy to cook or prepare. Here we go…

Powdered Eggs: Great source of protein

Instant Oatmeal: All you need is hot water and you are set

Powdered Milk: Great for breakfast and your daily energy as well

Cereal: The right cereal can start your day off right

Granola or Energy Bars: Get your energy going

Pouched Instant Coffee and or Iced Tea Packets: Gives you a boost and the refreshing taste you may need as a pick-me-up

Chicken or Tuna Packets: Great for energy and protein as well

Jerkies: Easy source of protein and tastes great

Dried Fruits and Nuts: Keeps you alert and healthy

Bottled Water or Water Purification Tool: You need water for cooking and hydration

These options are all lightweight, perfect for the wilderness and the ultimate food for survival.

Now if you are trying to survive for a longer period and near water, then it’s a great idea to know what bait to use and where to find it. You will be able to catch all the fish you need to survive.

What about you, if you had just one backpack to use for your wilderness survival, what would you fill it up with? Let us know in the comments below so we can help each other out.

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